Overview

From setup and configuration, to threat hunting, monitoring and alerting, you’ll play a SOC analyst in our lab and try to rapidly locate IOC’s and IOA’s from an enterprise breach executed by the trainers in real time.

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Prerequisites

  • A firm familiarity of Windows and Linux command line syntax
  • Understanding of networking concepts
  • Suited to system/network administrators, response analysts, penetration testers and anyone working in a technical IT role
  • You will need a laptop with local administrator/root access
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Delegates will learn how to

Over the 2 days well cover the following topics:

  • MITRE ATT&CK framework primer
  • Defensive OSINT
  • Linux auditing and logging overview
  • Windows events, logging and configuring Sysmon
  • Configuring ELK, Splunk and data forwarders
  • Filters, regex and visualisations
  • Configuring monitoring and alerting
  • Identifying IOC’s and IOA’s
  • Detecting phishing attacks (Office macros, HTA’s and suspicious links)
  • Detecting credential exploitation (Kerberoasting, PtH, PtP, DCSync)
  • Detecting lateral movement (WinRM, WMI, SMB, DCOM, MSSQL)
  • Detecting data exfiltration (HTTP/S, DNS, ICMP)
  • Detecting persistence (userland methods, WMI Event Subscriptions)
  • Identifying C2 communications
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Outline

Day 1

Module 1: Defensive OSINT

Data scraping techniques, using certificate transparency logs and Shodan to identify company infrastructure exposure and utilising publicly disclosed data breaches

Module 2: Linux auditing, events and logging

  • Filebeat (Elastic)
  • Auditd and Auditbeat (Elastic)
  • Using default tools and utilities to query event data

Module 3: Windows auditing, events and logging

  • Enforcing event logging via Group Policy (GPO)
  • Common and useful event logs
  • Deploying Sysmon
  • Windows Event Forwarding (WEF)

Module 4: Sigma rules

  • Rule creation and structure
  • SIEM Integration

Module 5: Overview of and configuring Elastic/Logstash, Splunk and data forwarders

  • Splunk forwarders
  • Using Logstash (Elastic) and Grok for data processing
  • Forwarding data from Logstash to Elastic and Microsoft Azure Sentinel

Module 5: Configuring alerting and monitoring

  • Event ID triggers
  • Multiple criteria triggers (also continues within next section)

Module 6: Using filters, RegEx and visualisations

  • Viewing and querying for events in Kibana
  • Viewing and querying for events in Microsoft Azure Sentinel
  • Creating visualisations for activity mapping
  • Identifying Indicators of Attack (IOA) and Indicators of Compromise (IOC)
  • From this stage onwards the trainers will be performing live attacks within the lab using popular C2 tooling and other open source code and toolsets
  • Detecting Initial Access
  • Access

Module 7: Detecting Phishing attacks

  • Office macros
  • HTA’s
  • Suspicious links

Module 8: Detecting Phishing attacks (targeting one or more of the above techniques)

  • Detecting malicious links
  • Detecting suspicious network activity
  • Detecting living off the land (LOLBAS) abuse

Module 9: Detecting Credential Exploitation

Part 1: Kerberoasting

  • Identifying Kerberoasting attacks

Part 2: Pass-the-Hash (PtH)

  • Identifying PtH attacks

Part 3: Pass-the-Ticket (PtT)

  • Identifying PtT attacks

Day 2

Duration

Part 4: DCSync Theory

  • Identifying DCSync attacks

Module 10: Detecting Lateral Movement

Part 1: WinRM / PowerShell Remoting / SSH

  • Ports and processes
  • Common attacker tooling and executing commands on remote systems
  • Event IDs and useful IOC’s to detect lateral movement via WinRM
  • Identifying WinRM abuse

Part 2: WMI

  • Ports and processes
  • Common attacker tooling and executing commands on remote systems
  • Event IDs and useful IOC’s to detect lateral movement via WMI
  • *Further content within the persistence modules

Part 3: SMB

  • SMB versions, weaknesses and signing
  • Common attacker tooling and executing commands on remote systems
  • Event IDs and useful IOC’s to detect lateral movement via SMB

Module 11: Identifying SMB abuse Practical

Part 4: DCOM

  • Overview of DCOM and its place in a modern attack chain
  • Event IDs and useful IOC’s to detect lateral movement via DCOM

Part 5: MSSQL

  • Using MSSQL servers for lateral movement (linked servers, trustworthy DBs)
  • Common attacker tooling and executing commands on remote systems
  • Event IDs and useful IOC’s to detect lateral movement via MSSQL

Module 12: Identifying MSSQL abuse Practical

Module 13: Detecting Data Exfiltration

Part 1: HTTP/S Communications

  • Overview of Domain Fronting
  • SNI, ESNI overview
  • C2 tooling and traffic detection

Part 2: DNS Communications

  • DNSSEC, DoT and DoH
  • Data exfiltration over DNS channels
  • OOB shells over DNS (dnscat2 / iodine)
  • C2 tooling and traffic detection

Part 3: ICMP communications

  • ICMP types
  • OOB Shells over ICMP (icmpsh)
  • C2 tooling and traffic detection

Module 14: Identifying OOB channels, shells and data exfiltration

Detecting Persistence Activities

Part 1: Identifying common persistence activities, including:

  • Scheduled tasks
  • Windows Registry
  • Living off the Land and other techniques

Module 15: Identifying common persistence TTP’s Practical

Part 2: Identifying the presence of Permanent WMI Event Subscriptions and associated activities

  • Overview of configuring Event Subscriptions in PowerShell and by using MOF files
  • Interesting consumer classes (ActiveScriptEventConsumer and
  • CommandLineEventConsumer)

Module 16: Identifying Permanent WMI Event Subscriptions Practical

  • Course wrap-up and extended lab time information

* Students will use a combination of ELK and Microsoft Azure Sentinel platforms to perform practical exercises.

In each instance, filters and/or expressions will be supplied for both platforms (where applicable), so students

are able to experiment as they so wish within the supplied exercise and extended after training lab time.

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Dates & Locations

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